Women spend most of their time in doing daily chores; from housework to looking after children and to going to job every day. Due to which they neglect their health condition most of the time. For any woman to maintain a better health standard, there are certain medical tests she should have. Some of these medical tests for women include:
1. Bone-Mineral Density Test
Osteoporosis is a condition that is very susceptible among the elderly, mostly the women. This is the reason why have the Women mineral density test is crucial as it will determine if you have the crippling weakness of the bones. This test referred to as the Dual Energy X-ray should be carried out at the age of 65 years. After the initial test, the second one should come after about five to seven years. You should have the test in case you weigh less than 127 pounds once you are in the menopause stage. In case the test turns positive, you will be advised to take about 400-800 IUs of vitamin D and 1,000 mg of calcium each day.
The early screening for cancer is highly recommended, and colorectal cancer is not an exception. Women should have this medical test since when it is detected, so as to treat it on time. Women of age around 50 need to have this test. Besides this, in case any of your sibling or parents were diagnosed with colorectal cancer, then you should have the screening ten years after their diagnosis and a repeat every five years. For any patient who is found positive, the polyps will be removed and biopsied. This, therefore, implies that you will remain free from cancer.
It is no doubt that no woman would love to suffer from a hearing problem. This is why this medical test for women is very important. This test should be done once you start hearing a ringing in your ears, you fail to get what others say, have the family history of hearing or feels a plugged sensation. In case the results show that your audiogram has a high pitch hearing loss, then it is likely that you will need a hearing aid. On the other hand, in case it is normal, then you need to have the check 2-5 years.
4. Clinical Breast Exam And Mammogram
Did you know that when you have the clinical breast exam and mammogram test, then you have up to 97% of surviving the breast cancer? Breast cancer is very common in women, and this is one recommended test that will aid to overcome the situation. The test is open to anyone woman aged 20 and above. Besides this, you need to have the mammogram once a year after attaining the age of 40+. The test should be done right after your period. When the mammogram is found to be abnormal, then you will be required to undergo a breast ultrasound. Alternatively, you may be expected to undergo the breast MRI, which is done to find out if the lump is a solid mass or if there is a necessity of biopsy.
5. Dental Screening
Oral cancer is another common type of cancer among the elderly. This is the reason why women are advised to have the dental screen to rule out the chances of suffering from oral cancer. This is a test that should start as early as six months after the baby teeth appear. This should be a continuation of life with about two test every year. Any woman who takes more than a drink a day also has a higher chance of suffering from oral cancer and gum disease, hence should have the test. Besides this, any woman taking contraceptives or is pregnant also needs to have the test as they are susceptible to gum inflammation. In case the test proofs that you have abnormal tissues growths, then you should take a biopsy. For anyone found with a gum disease, you will be advised to have a cleaning more than twice every year.
6. Lipid Profile
This is another important medical test that the women need to have. It is for checking the levels of cholesterol, and this will aid in tracking the heart disease. A high level of cholesterol can be the reason behind gallbladder disease besides stroke and heart disease. This test should be carried out from the aged of 20, and it is open to all. When you have normal results, you should have the check done every five years up to the age of 45. A yearly screening is recommended for anyone with a family heart disease, older than 45 years and has over 200 cholesterol level. A change of diet is good for anyone found with over 130 LDL or less than 40 HDL and over 200 cholesterol. Apart from the change of diet, you can also start the weight loss program and increased exercise.
7. Pap Smear
Pap smear is a medical test for women aimed at detecting cervical cancer in time. This medical test should be done from the age of 21. You should get the test once every two years in case you have had a negative human papillomavirus (HPV) test and several normal Paps in a row. Besides this, you should have the test every year in case you are HIV positive, had sexual intercourse at a younger age, suffering from any Sexually Transmitted Disease and if you are 30 and above. In a case where you test positive, then the doctor will recommend a colposcopy. You may need a cervical biopsy when your colposcopy raises a red flag.
8. A Comprehensive Eye Exam
The health of your eyes is very important and to avoid any eye problem, then you need to have this medical test. At the age of 40, you need to have a basic eye exam. This should be done at an interval of every two years until you are 65 years. Once you are above 65 years, get this test done every year. In other cases, you will need the test before 40 years. For example, when you use steroids, if you are African American or if you have risk factor like diabetes. Your doctor will recommend you to use glasses or contact lenses when your sight is poor.
9. Heart Health Test
Apart from the lipid profile test, the heart health test is also imperative. This is because it is found to be the number one killer of women and should be prevented in any way possible. In case you have a family history of premature heart disease or hypertension, then you should have an annual test from the age of 20. Recommendation for this test is for anyone who is overweight, aged 45 and above and a smoker. A cardiac rhythm disorder should be suspected when the doctor find out that you have an irregular heartbeat, which will need immediate medication.
10. Mole Screening
You will also need the mole screening used for detecting skin cancer. This should be done by the age of 30 or earlier to those exposed to much sunlight. This will require an annual check and twice a year when you have a higher risk. Based on the results of the test, the tissues in the affected area may be removed.
Apart from these medical tests for women, they can also have the diabetes test annually, thyroid problems every five years and lung cancer tests. By having these medical tests at the recommended time, it will not be a surprise that you are living a healthy life, hence decrease the mortality rate in women.